Which Scheme Is Providing Food Grains?

In India, ensuring food security for all citizens is a paramount concern. Various government schemes have been initiated to provide essential food grains to those in need. This introduction explores the key schemes aimed at addressing this critical aspect of welfare and public policy.

What Government Scheme Provides Food Grains To The Needy?

Which government scheme offers food grains to the underprivileged? This inquiry delves into a crucial facet of social welfare in India. Several initiatives have been set in motion to guarantee food security to vulnerable populations.

These schemes aim to address hunger and malnutrition, ensuring that no one goes to bed hungry. The National Food Security Act (NFSA) of 2013 is one of the prominent endeavors,

entitling eligible individuals to receive subsidized food grains through the Public Distribution System (PDS). Additionally, various state-specific programs complement the NFSA,

tailoring food grain distribution to local needs. The Mid-Day Meal Scheme for schoolchildren and the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) are examples of such initiatives.

Understanding the intricacies of these schemes is vital to comprehending how India endeavors to provide a basic human right – access to nutritious food to its neediest citizens.

How Can People Access Food Grains Through Government Schemes?

People can access food grains through various government schemes in India through the following methods:

Ration Cards:

Individuals can obtain ration cards, which come in categories like Antyodaya or AAY ration card (for the poorest), Below Poverty Line (BPL), and Above Poverty Line (APL), based on their economic status.

The type of ration card determines the quantity and type of food grains they can purchase.

Public Distribution System (PDS):

Food grains are distributed through a network of Fair Price Shops (FPS) under the PDS.

Cardholders can purchase food grains at subsidized rates from these shops.

Aadhaar Integration:

Aadhar link to ration card is becoming increasingly important for availing benefits from government schemes, including food grain distribution. It helps in eliminating duplicate and bogus beneficiaries.

Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT):

Some government schemes provide cash transfers to beneficiaries in lieu of physical food grain distribution.

Beneficiaries receive funds directly in their bank accounts, which they can use to purchase food grains from the market.

State-Specific Schemes:

In addition to national schemes, many states have their own programs to provide food grains to their residents.

Online Portals and Mobile Apps:

Some states have introduced online portals and mobile apps for cardholders to check their entitlements, make purchases, and raise grievances related to food grain distribution.

These measures aim to streamline the process, reduce corruption, and ensure that food grains reach those who need them most.

Which Indian Program Offers Subsidized Food Grains To The Poor?

One of India’s flagship programs that offers subsidized food grains to the poor is the National Food Security Act (NFSA). Enacted in 2013, the NFSA is a landmark social welfare legislation that seeks to address food security and malnutrition by providing eligible households with access to essential food commodities at highly subsidized rates. Under the NFSA,


The government has categorized beneficiaries into priority and non-priority households, with priority households being entitled to greater benefits. Priority households receive food grains at even lower prices, making it particularly beneficial for the poorest of the poor.

The NFSA aims to ensure that no one goes hungry in India and is a significant step in the nation’s commitment to eradicating food insecurity and improving the nutritional well-being of its disadvantaged citizens.

Through a vast network of Fair Price Shops under the Public Distribution System (PDS), the NFSA continues to make a substantial impact in providing affordable food grains to those in need.

The Difference Between The National Food Security Act And Other Food Grain Schemes?

The Difference Between NFSA and Other Food Grain Schemes

The National Food Security Act (NFSA) and other food grain schemes in India vary in their scope and objectives, impacting the distribution and accessibility of subsidized food grains.


  1. NFSA (National Food Security Act):
  • A national legislation was enacted in 2013.
  • Provides a legal entitlement to subsidized food grains to eligible beneficiaries.
  • Categorizes beneficiaries into priority and non-priority households.
  • Aims to address hunger and malnutrition on a broader scale.
  1. Other Food Grain Schemes (e.g., TPDS, Annapurna Scheme):
  • Include various state-specific and central schemes.
  • May not have a uniform, nationwide implementation.
  • Target different segments of the population, such as destitute individuals (Annapurna) or pregnant women and children (ICDS).
  • Vary in terms of eligibility criteria, subsidy rates, and coverage.

While the NFSA is a comprehensive national law focusing on food security for a broad              range of beneficiaries, other schemes often have narrower objectives and target specific vulnerable groups.

Benefits Of Getting Food Grains Under The NFSA?

Under the National Food Security Act (NFSA), beneficiaries receive subsidized food grains, ensuring food security, reducing hunger, and improving nutritional well-being.

How Much Food Grain Do Eligible Beneficiaries Get Under The NFSA?

Eligible beneficiaries under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) receive 5 kilograms of food grains per person per month at subsidized rates.


various government schemes in India play a pivotal role in providing essential food grains to the citizens. These schemes, including the National Food Security Act (NFSA), the Public Distribution System (PDS), state-specific programs, and others, collectively aim to alleviate hunger, ensure food security, and improve the nutritional well-being of the population.

By establishing an extensive network of Fair Price Shops, enacting legal entitlements, and offering subsidies, the government strives to make food grains accessible to those in need. These initiatives reflect the nation’s commitment to addressing the fundamental human right of access to nutritious food for all its citizens.

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